Categories And Design Of RCC Slabs And RCC Structures
Reinforced Cement Concrete Slab
• A Reinforced Concrete Slab Component plays a vital role in a building. It is considered as a useful structural element of the current buildings. There are various columns and beams which provide support to Columns and Beams.
• The density of RCC Slabs varies from 10 to 50 centimetres which are generally found in developing floors and ceilings.
• Thin concrete slabs are also utilized for the objective of exterior paving.
• In several domestic and industrial buildings, a solid concrete slab, sustained on foundations or directly on the sub soil, is utilized to develop the ground floor of a building.
• Thinner, pre-cast concrete slabs are pushed among the steel frames of tall buildings and skyscrapers to construct the floors and ceilings on each level.
• At the time of creating structural drawings of the reinforced concrete slab, the slabs are shortened to “r.c.slab” or simply “r.c.”.
Design of various types of slabs and their reinforcement
There are lot of designs available for a suspended slab to develop the strength-to-weight ratio. In most cases the top surface stands flat, and the bottom is modulated:
- If the concrete is poured into a corrugated steel tray, generally it is called corrugated. It enhances the strength and avoids the bending of slab under its own weight. The corrugations happen on the short dimension, from side to side.
- A ribbed slab provides significant additional strength on one direction.
- A waffle slab provides extra strength in both directions. Reinforcement design
- A one way slab contains structural strength in shortest direction whereas a two way slab contains structural strength in two directions.
These slabs belong to cantilevered or Simply Supported Slabs.