Different Types Of Aggregate Used In Concrete

It is recommended to apply the proper type and quality of aggregates to concrete. The fine and coarse aggregates usually contain 60% to 75% of the concrete volume (70% to 85% by mass) and greatly impact the freshly mixed and solidified properties, mixture proportions, and economy of concrete. Fine aggregates usually comprise of natural sand or crushed stone having most particles smaller than 5 mm (0.2 in.).

Coarse aggregates contain one or a mixture of gravels or crushed stone with particles generally bigger than 5 mm (0.2 in.) and typically among 9.5 mm and 37.5 mm (3⁄8 in. and 1 1⁄2 in.). Some natural aggregate deposits, known as called pit-run gravel, are made with gravel and sand that can be instantly utilized in concrete after nominal processing. Natural gravel and sand are generally excavated or delved out of a pit, river, lake, or seabed.

Crushed stone is formed with demolishing shafted rock, boulders, cobbles, or large-size gravel. Demolished air-cooled blast-furnace slag is also applied as fine or coarse aggregate. The aggregates are generally cleansed and classified at the pit or plant. Some deviation in the type, quality, cleanliness, grading, moisture content, and other properties is presumed.


In general concrete aggregates are a blend of rocks and minerals. Rocks categorized as igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic, on the basis of genesis, are usually formed with various minerals. As for instance, granite consists of quartz, feldspar, mica, and a slew of other minerals; most limestones include calcite, dolomite, and minor amounts of quartz, feldspar, and clay. Weathering and corrosion of rocks develop particles of stone, gravel, sand, silt, and clay.

Recycled concrete alias crushed waste concrete, is a reasonable source of aggregates To lessen the noise and dust, various new equipments are launched.

Aggregates must adhere to specific standards for best engineering use: they should be clean, solid, robust, long-lasting particles free from absorbed chemicals, coatings of clay, and other fine materials in amounts that could impact hydration and bond of the cement paste. Aggregates which include any significant amounts of shale or other shaly rocks, soft and porous materials, should not be taken into consideration; specific types of chert should be specifically prevented as they contain low resistance to weathering and can result in surface defects like pop outs.

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Different Types Of Aggregate Used In Concrete