The duties and responsibilities of civil engineers
The main objective of civil engineers is to plan, design, build, operate and maintain roads, bridges, dams, water supply schemes, sewerage systems, transportation, harbors, canals, dockyards, airports, railways, factories and large buildings.
Civil engineers generally render their jobs in the following sectors - structural, water resources, soil and foundation, transport, airport, town planning or construction.
Duties of an airport engineer:
a) Having expertize in producing designs for airports, hangars and control towers
b) Administers the construction, maintenance and repair of runways, considering the factors like weight, size and speed of aircraft
c. If any technical issue arises throughout construction, guides contractors to solve the issue
Duties of a geotechnical/soil engineer:
a. Examines projected construction sites to determine the conditions of soil and foundation with by initiating drilling and sampling programs
b. Monitors and takes part in job site and laboratory testing of soils, and ensures that test equipment and machinery is arranged perfectly
c. Creates reports of test results and suggests proposals for providing the solution to engineering issues given in test reports
d. Creates specifications of soil mixtures which can be utilized in roads, embankments and other construction, and measures and provides suggestions on the required slope at cuttings and the density of soil dams and retaining walls.
Duties of a harbor engineer
a. designs and manages the construction of harbour facilities like breakwaters, navigation aids, navigation channels, jetties, wharves, heavy-duty pavement surfaces, cargo sheds and bulk handling plants for grain, ore and other cargo
b. Makes sure that the designs are created according to the needs of safety and serviceability
c. Optimize the use of funds and materials to fulfill the safety and serviceability requirements.
Duties of a harbor engineer:
a) Having expertize in evaluating population and growth statistics and traffic patterns and volume to fulfill the needs of future project
b. Discusses with government officials and other specialists to make the design perfect and secured traffic systems
c. Reviews roadway and embankment design, the geometry of highway interchanges and the maintenance of facilities like culverts and overpasses.
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