Some useful terms and definition used in brick masonry
Brick masonry is applied for developing buildings and other structures by bonding brick stone, stone blocks, brick blocks with various types of masonry.
For temporary sheds mud mortar is suitable but for all permanent buildings lime or cement mortars are utilized.
Different terms and definitions associated with Brick Masonry:
Course: A course refers to a layer of the same unit that runs parallel in a wall.
It is also described as a continuous row of any masonry unit like bricks concrete masonry units (CMU), stone, shingles, tiles, etc.
Bed: It belongs to the surface of stone vertical to the line of pressure. It specifies the lower surface of bricks or stones in every course.
Back: It is the inward surface of a wall that is not uncovered. The material that is used to develop the back is called backing.
Face: The outside of wall uncovered to weather is called face. The material that is utilized in the face of the wall is named as facing.
Hearting: It belongs to the inside part of a wall among n the facing and backing.
Side: It refers to the surface that builds up the boundary of bricks or stones in a transverse direction to the face and bed.
Joint: It is the meeting point of two or more bricks or stones. If the joint is parallel to the bed of bricks or stones in a course then it is termed as bed joint. Alternatively, it is a horizontal layer of mortar on which masonry units are arranged.
The joints which are set perpendicular to the bed joints are called vertical joints or side joints or just joints.