Different Types of Pipes Used in Construction
Various types of pipes are used in the construction industry for plumbing and sanitary. They are used in building construction for various purposes such as the management of water supply, drainage and waste disposal. These are available in different materials for various conditions and requirements of the situation.
the building structure for each building requires a sufficient amount of water and should be easily accessible to places of maintenance according to needs of the occupants. Requests supply must be calculated for a building and the transmission of water through pipes in the structure and the following structure must be calculated for drainage and waste management.
The different pipe types are used for different purposes of supply and drainage systems.
a. Pipe service supply
b. Drainage pipes or disposal management pipes
The supply pipes (Pipes Inlet)
The network of pipes to distribute the water supply to the building's plumbing system is known as power lines or service. Other classifications tubes are listed according to the material they are made of:
1. Copper pipes
2. Galvanized iron pipe
3. PVC pipes
4. CPVC pipes
Copper pipes are an ideal solution for the water supply when other metals are corroded. They have high corrosion resistance with considerable force and improved ductility. They can withstand high pressures for large flow in industries too.
Copper pipes are available in two variables, namely: Large caliber and Light gauge. Pipes of large caliber are used when inline pressures are high and are distribution network. thin pipes are used for internal distribution for domestic purposes.
Copper pipes are very expensive (as all the other products mentioned in the list). In India, we prefer not to use copper pipes for the supply lines.
Galvanized iron pipes
Iron pipes are treated with the zinc coating to prevent corrosion, and what results is known as galvanized iron pipes. The grade of G.I. pipes differs from the standard thickness. The GI pipes can be used for the internal piping of water distribution.
The GI pipes are expensive than PVC pipes. G.I. pipes were used in older times in the pipe work from home but because of the lower cost and better properties, the PVC pipes have replaced the other pipes almost completely.
A big benefit to G.I. line is that they can be used both for pipes for hot and cold water. But rectifying any damage to a G.I. line is very difficult once installed.
Plastic pipes are used majorly for cold water service networks. These pipes are in demand because they are cheap cost. Plastic pipes are resistant to corrosion and lightweight. They are easy to install and do not require threading application.
PVC pipe as mentioned before cost less G.I. Pipes and has found a huge application in the plumbing work for building construction. However, PVC pipes cannot be used in the application of hot water. PVC pipe can withstand maximum operating temperatures up to about 140 degrees Fahrenheit (60 degrees Celsius).
CPVC pipes (chlorinated polyvinyl chloride)
Pipes CPVC and PVC pipe similar in appearance, although the outside, their chemical / molecular structure is different. Chlorine is added to the CPVC manufacturing process. CPVC and PVC pipe are both solid forms and rigid pipe, and they can be found in the same pipe sizes and fitting.
The only difference is CPVC pipes can withstand maximum operating temperatures up to about 200 degrees Fahrenheit (93.33 degrees Celsius). CPVC pipes are generally recommended for hot water pipes such as guidelines or solar water geyser.
Drainage pipes or disposal management pipes
Residential housing can produce wastewater from sources such as kitchen, bathroom, toilet, etc. A pipe interconnected network is used to dispose of wastewater. Different types of sewage pipes are used for different functions such as:
a. Soil Waste pipes
b. Waste pipe
c. Rainwater pipe
d. Ventilation pipes
Types of waste disposal pipes (based on Material Composition).
Drains waste are available in different materials and properties depending on manufacturing. The pipes used in the drainage system are:
1. Cast iron pipes
2. Concrete pipes
3. PVC pipes
4. Asbestos cement pipes
5. Vitrified clay pipes
6. HDPE pipes
Cast iron pipes
The sewer common domestic households and commercial occupants are cast in iron. It is strong in the properties and can hold the weight of the dirt and slugs without breaking..
Cast iron pipes are prone to rust and corrosion in the rapid real time. These pipes carry on the effect of corrosion and some reduction in diameter is observed. Cast iron pipes are used in plumbing systems. Outdoor use is least expected.
Hands main water supply are led by a concrete pipe network. They may be strengthened depending on the diameter of the production. Small non-reinforced tubes are used for water removal and drainage pipes of reinforced concrete are used in the main water supply network.
Various types of plastic pipe / PVC are available for both the water supply and drainage systems. in unplasticized PVC pipes are used for the cold water systems, plasticized PVC pipes are used in a low temperature environment. PVC pipes are somehow now designed to withstand temperatures too high and force.
They are economical and easy to maintain options and they are readily available. These pipes are cheap compared to all the options available. But they are easily prone to breakage. common application of asbestos pipe can be observed that the ventilation pipes, rainwater pipes, floor drains, etc.
Vitrified clay pipes
Vitrified clay pipes are manufacture by methods ceramic high-temperature combustion soil. These are used in tile drainage systems. vitrified clay pipe systems require a trained set of work because of the rigidity and the fragile nature.
HDPE pipes are used in demanding situations of pressure. These are available in various thicknesses. They can be bent at 90 degrees.
HDPE pipes are resistant to biological maintenance as the emergence root, so they are recommended for lines of wastewater under pressure and drainage systems wastewater. This means that when the sewage water needs to be pumped from one place to another for treatment, high density polyethylene pipes are used. They are generally not recommended for drainage work home.
Choosing a type of pipe to be used for houses
Providing recommendation use PVC pipe for the supply lines in cold water. For all hot water supply lines such as geyser lines, solar hot water lines, etc., you should always go for CPVC lines. If budget is not a constraint for you, go with the PEX piping. It offers flexibility to add additional pipes to the central manifold and also replace the damaged pipe with ease.
Recommendation for drainage: asbestos cement pipes or PVC pipes are generally recommended for drainage work for constructing any kinds of buildings.
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