Types of Surveying Equipment & Their Uses

A land surveyor uses instruments to make specific dimensions of the earth?s surface. From decisive property boundaries to prepare construction sites, surveyors rely on firm equipment to do their jobs properly.

Below is a summary of eight different types of surveying apparatus and their uses:

1. Chains and Tapes

Taking precise dimensions is one of the most important tasks a land surveyor must complete. Some ranging tools can be used to take measurements including tapes, rulers, chains, and laser devices. For tiny-scale measurements while measuring wheels Pocket tapes are just the thing. For larger distances nylon coated steel tapes and fiberglass tape measures can be used.

Some recommended products of chains and tapes are NiCad tape measures, Fiberglass tape measures, measuring wheels, Laser measuring devices.

2. Compasses and Clinometers

A compass is a vital piece of surveying equipment in unknown territory, backcountry, or just orienting your position on a map. Compasses can be used to calculate distances while clinometers are used to determine the magnitude.

Silva ranger 2.0 Quad Compass, Brunton Omni-Slope Sighting Clinometers, Brunton TruArc 20-Mirror Compass are some important product of Some recommended products of compasses and clinometers.

3. Transits and Theodolites

These tools measured both horizontal and vertical angles. Both tools have a minimum accuracy of one angle minute, though the theodolite is more accurate of the two ideally, measuring angles to an accuracy of one-tenth of a second angle.

Brunton GEO Pocket Transit, SECO Total Station and Theodolite Rucksack are the products of Transits and Theodolites.

4. Levels

A level used for reading and determining the differences in elevation between two points. These tools have three types like handheld, optical or digital. These tools are usually used in juxtaposition with level rods or tripods. Sokkia SDL50 Digital Level 28x, SECO Hand Levels, Spectra Precision Laser Level LL500 are the useful products of levels.

5. Safety Gear

Safety is always the primary concern for the Land surveyors work in all kinds of conditions and climates. Outdoor work crews must need High-visibility gear and safety headwear. 3A Safety 3 Season Waterproof Thermal Jacket, ML Kishigo Safari Hat and SECO Class 2 Safety Utility Vest are the necessary product of safety gear.

6. Prisms and Reflectors

These systems are used to secure control points at a comfortable and accessible height for pinpoint accuracy. These devices can be installed on surveying poles and used in juxtaposition with electronic distance measuring (EDM) instruments for enhanced accuracy.

Sokkia Economy Tilting Prism, SECO Double Right Angle Prism, GeoMax GRZ122 360? High Accuracy Prism are the tools for prisms and reflectors for accurate surveying.

7. Magnetic Locators

Necessary things of conducting a land survey is to identify the location of certain features like manhole and utility covers, steel and iron pipes, underground tanks, survey corner markers. Magnetic locators precisely used to locate ferrous materials like iron, steel, and rebar.

Schonstedt Maggie Magnetic Locator, ChrisNik HoundDog Magnetic Locator, SubSurface Instruments Magnetic Locator are some useful gadget for magnetic locators.

8. Poles, Tripods, and Mounts

An unstable mount can throw the most precise surveying instruments. Poles, tripods, and other mounting gadgets are critical for surveyors to guarantee solid, stable readings.

These mounts can be used for all kinds of surveying equipment like prisms, lasers, and levels.

SECO Quick Release 8ft Robotics Pole, SECO Tri-Max Dual Lock Tripod, Dutch Hill Heavy-Duty Column Clamp for Instruments are some surveying gadget to make your measurements perfect.


The right equipment is essential for land surveying. Whether you are measuring angles, distances, or elevations, having the best gadget for the job will guarantee speedy and accurate dimensions for every application.

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